The cane toad is native to Central and South America and is a member of the ‘true toads’ (family Bufonidae). Cane toads have dry, yellow-brown, warty skin and large distinctive lumps (known as parotoid glands) behind the head. Cane toads naturally generate potent toxins (bufodienolides) throughout their bodies, which act by stopping the heart of most animals that attempt to eat them. These toxins concentrate in glands on the toad’s skin, and may be exuded as a milky-white substance if the toad is aggravated or distressed.
Cane toads are relatively long lived and can survive for over 15 years. The average body length of an adult cane toad is 10–15 cm and captive ones can grow up to 2 kg in weight. Cane toads are hardy animals that are able to survive temperatures ranging from 5–37°C2. They are active mostly at night, and tend to shelter under leaf litter, rubble or scraps of iron during the day.
Fact sheet describing the biology, ecology and impacts of the cane toad in Australia. Produced by the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre as part of the PestSmart series.
|Documents:||PestSmart Factsheet: Cane toad|
|Author:||Invasive Animals CRC|
|Publisher:||Invasive Animals CRC|
|ISBN/ISSN:||PestSmart code: CTFS1|
|Region:||Australia - national|
|Links:||PestSmart Toolkit: cane toad page|