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TILFS6 PestSmart Factsheet: Tilapia control methods and their effectiveness

Two species of tilapia, Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) and the black mangrove cichlid or spotted tilapia (Tilapia mariae), are becoming significant pests in many waterways in tropical and sub-tropical Australia. Numbers of both species have increased and they have spread significantly since their introduction during the 1970s and 1980s due to natural and human-assisted (whether […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

TILFS5 PestSmart Factsheet: Distribution of the black mangrove cichlid (Tilapia mariae) in Australia

The black mangrove cichlid or ‘spotted tilapia’ is a species of deep-bodied fish belonging to the family Cichlidae. Native to West Africa, its distribution extends from the Ivory Coast through Ghana and Nigeria to Cameroon. Throughout this range the species is often found in the deeper sections of larger rivers and lagoons but also moves […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

CPFS10 PestSmart factsheet: Carp weaknesses & vulnerabilities

Knowing your enemy is important to any defence strategy, including the management of invasive fish species. Analysis of the biology of the species is therefore an essential part of an integrated pest management plan. A lot is known about the biology and population structure of carp in Australia and certain stages in its life cycle […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

CPFS9 PestSmart Factsheet: Radio tracking as a support tool of carp control methods

Common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) are a freshwater pest fish in Australia. To efficiently plan and implement an integrated carp management program, we need to understand when, where and why carp move. This allows control efforts to be targeted and more efficient. Direct observation of fish by divers or video provides information on habitat use, […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Case study: Common myna impacts

Common or Indian mynas are now widespread throughout eastern Australia and are considered to threaten native biodiversity due to their territorial behaviours and nest cavity competition. The perceived impacts of the common myna are often based on unreliable information, and there is a lack of scientific research that confirms the bird’s actual impacts. In 2008, […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: Common (Indian) Myna

Common or Indian mynas (Acridotheres tristis or Sturnus tristis) are native to India and southern Asia. They are  popular birds in their source countries as crop pest control agents and as symbols of undying love associated with their habit of pairing for life. Mynas have spread worldwide over the last 200 years. In Australia, common […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Case Study: Feral pig management in tropical rainforests of Queensland

The rainforests of Queensland’s Wet Tropics World Heritage Area (WTWHA) cover approximately 900,000 ha and are important habitats for numerous endemic, threatened and endangered plant and animal species. The unique rainforests are a focus for biodiversity conservation and nature-based tourism. Feral pigs (Sus scrofa) are regarded as a major vertebrate pest in the WTWHA due […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: Aerial and ground shooting for feral pig control

Aerial shooting from helicopters is useful for rapid population reduction in large, inaccessible areas. Where pig densities are high, aerial shooting can kill many pigs at a time, quickly knocking down pig numbers in the short term. Aerial shooting is also useful when pigs show avoidance behaviour to baits, traps, vehicles and/or people on foot. […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: Trapping for feral pig control in Australia

Trapping is one of the most common techniques used to control feral pigs in Australia. In the Wet Tropics of Queensland, where non-target native species are abundant, trapping is regarded as the safest and most appropriate method. However, it can be labour intensive and is not practical for a large scale control in grazing areas […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: Poison baiting for feral pig control in Australia

Poison baiting is one of the most economical and effective ways to control feral pigs on a broad scale. Aerial baiting can be more practical in hard to access and large, remote areas, especially when there is an urgent need to control diseases that feral pigs might carry. However, aerial baiting is illegal in most […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Case Study: Wild dogs and transmission of Neospora caninum in Australia

Wild dogs, including dingoes (Canis lupus dingo), feral domestic dogs (C. l. familiaris) and their hybrids cause significant economic loss to livestock production industries. Wild dogs also present a health hazard and can transfer diseases to humans and other animals. Case study on a research project that investigated the potential transfer of the disease neosporosis […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: Pheromone attractants as a means of carp control

Carp (Cyprinus carpio) are one of the most damaging invasive fishes in Australian shallow lakes, wetlands and rivers. Techniques currently available to control this species are generally labour intensive and unlikely to have long-term benefits unless persisted with longterm. An important strategy for the control of carp is to enhance our understanding of their behaviours […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2014
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: frequently asked questions about PAPP

Para-aminopropiophenone (or ‘PAPP’) is the active ingredient used in new toxic baits being developed for the broad-scale management of wild dogs and foxes. This fact sheet on the development of PAPP as a toxin for wild dog and fox control in Australia covers questions including What is PAPP and how does it work? Is PAPP […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2013
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: Baiting for fox control

Poison baiting is currently the most effective broad-scale method of fox control. Toxins used against foxes in Australia must be registered with the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA). Baits can only be obtained through licensed officers or designated government agencies in each state and territory, and there are strict guidelines relating to the […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2013
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: Judas technique for feral goat control

Feral goats (Capra hircus) are an ecological problem worldwide, particularly in closed systems, such as islands, where native plants, animals and insects have evolved in the absence of large mammalian herbivores. Due to their grazing habits, goats alter plant species composition and hinder regeneration of vegetation. Goats can also cause soil erosion and reduce the […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2013
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet CPFS2: Daughterless carp

Carp are prolific breeders. A single female carp can produce upward of 1.5 million eggs per year. This means that typical control programs that concentrate on physical removal of the fish or that target individual spawning events are unlikely to have an impact, except on a local scale. Sophisticated modelling exercises support this. With funding […]

Reference Type
Fact Sheet
Year
2012
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: Fumigation for rabbit control

Fumigation is a valuable tool in successful rabbit management programs. It is an effective follow-up technique to poison baiting and warren ripping, and is a particularly useful control method in areas where other techniques cannot be used (eg poison baiting). Fumigation works by replacing the air in warrens with lethal gasses, which are in-turn inhaled […]

Reference Type
Year
2012
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: Fox legislation in Australia

Current fox management strategies and techniques are governed or affected by various Commonwealth, state and territory laws. Fact sheet on laws and regulations in Australia relating to foxes. Produced by the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre as part of the PestSmart series. Download factsheet at the ‘Documents’ link below.

Reference Type
Year
2012
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: Foxes in Tasmania

Foxes pose a significant threat to Tasmania’s biodiversity and agricultural sector. The potential cost of an established fox population has been estimated at over $20 million annually, with more than 70 native species, including 12 species already listed as threatened and 34 with locally restricted ranges, at risk of predation or competition. Fact sheet covering […]

Reference Type
Year
2012
Author
Invasive Animals CRC

PestSmart Factsheet: RHD Boost – Enhancing RHDV effectiveness

Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) is a lagovirus in the family Caliciviridae that causes a mostly fatal infective disease in European rabbits. RHDV was first described in domestic rabbits in China in 19841. Until the late 1990s, there was only one known RHDV genotype however a new strain called RHDVa2 and other non-pathogenic or benign […]

Reference Type
Year
2012
Author
Invasive Animals CRC